After successfully defending my dissertation thesis “Participation and Transparency in Intergovernmental Security Organizations. Resource and Norm Driven Opening in the IAEA and OPCW” in late June 2016, the book is now available online in various formats. Check out https://book.tobiasweise.de to read the book online, download it as pdf, order a printed copy or for your e-reader.
In the book, I analyze how the International Atomic Enegery Agency and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons have opened up, i.e. have increased their transparency and have engaged with non-state actors in their governance and day-to-day activities. As methodology, I use qualitative comparative analysis to identify main drivers of organizational opening. The main findings are the following. First, resource- and norm-based explanations are both helpful in describing the process of organizational opening. Second, norm-based explanations are particularly powerful in explaining increasing transparency in both organizations. Third, resource-based explanations are helpful in analyzing increased non-state participation.
Thanks to everyone who has supported me during the five-year voyage !
The Global Norms team congratulates Antonia Witt for successfully defending her PhD dissertation at the Universität Lepizig earlier this week. Antonia’s dissertation asks what it means to return a country to constitutional order – and how the precise meaning of that formula is negotiated in practice. To answer this question, the thesis reconstructs how political order is (re-)negotiated after coup d’états in member states of the African Union. Starting from the observation that the African Union has adopted an ‘anti-coup norm’ in 2000, the author shows that this norm has hardly been applied in standardized ways, but leaves much room for maneuver instead. In her detailed reconstruction of international responses to the 2001/02 and 2009 coups in Madagascar, Antonia reveals the complex structures, dynamics and consequences of order-making as well as its internationalization over time. She argues that the actors involved in negotiating political order are manifold; that the process of re-making political order is often incoherent; and that it does not only – or even primarily – contribute to solving existing social conflicts, but also creates new ones. Seen in this way, the anti-coup norm is neither simply a path to ‘democratization from above’, nor a strategic device for dictators to cling to power, nor an institutional machinery to objectively ‘return a country to constitutional order’. It is, as the dissertation convincingly shows, the basis for complex international interventions in which the contours of political order are re-negotiated both within the respective polity as well as internationally.
On 7 June, Klaus Dingwerth gave a keynote lecture at the workshop “Designing Legitimacy” at the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence. In his talk, Klaus argued that democratic norms have been on the rise in transnational as well as in intergovernmental governance, but that the dynamics that gave rise to them as well as the roles they have come to play differ significantly across contexts. In the second part, he reflected upon how we can best make sense of the context-sensitive rise of a democratic legitimation narrative in global governance. Drawing on different perspectives in contemporary social theory, Klaus argued that the rise of democratic legitimation norms we can observe is episodic rather than linear, precarious rather than stable and reformist rather than radical. In normative terms, he thus saw the rise of democratic legitimation norms oscillating between democratic potential and post-democratic practice. The one-day workshop was hosted by EUI fellows Gisela Hirschmann, Tobias Lenz and Lora Viola. It featured another keynote address by Jonas Tallberg as well as the participation of, among others, Friedrich Kratochwil, Iva Koivisto, Dennis Patterson, and Jennifer Welsh. The paper on which the talk was based is available upon request.