Collaboration with other research groups
In seeking to answer our major research questions, we engage in regular exchange with a number of international research groups that work on similar or complementary questions.
Collaboration with other projects at the Universität Bremen
Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (BIGSSS): We have an institutionalised exchange with several researchers in the thematic field Global Governance and Regional Integration of BIGSSS. The researchers we collaborate with examine a broad range of themes that are relevant to our project, including the development of the resposibility to protect (Claudia Hippel); the fragmentation and legitimation of global fisheries governance (James Hollway, now at Nuffield College, Oxford University); the advocacy strategies of NGOs in global climate change negotiations (Johannes Kruse); and the reasons why corporations adopt corporate social responsibility standards (Christina Müller).
Chan, Sander/Müller, Christina (2012): Explaining the Geographic, Thematic and Organizational Differentiation of Partnerships for Sustainable Development. In: Pattberg, Philipp/Biermann, Frank/Chan, Sander/Mert, Aysem (eds.): Public-Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development: Emergence, Influence and Legitimacy. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Legitimating States, International Regimes, and Economic Orders: Part of the collaborative research centre on Transformations of the State (2003-2014) and directed by Frank Nullmeier, this project examines the construction of legitimacy in public communication. In a first stage, the research focused on the alleged legitimacy crisis of the democratic nation state; a second stages (2007-2010) examined the legitimation discourses surrounding international institutions, while the third phase (2011-2014) investigates the legitimation of economic orders. Beyond the collaborative research, individual projects that tie into our own project include research on the dynamics of domestic legitimatory discourses (Steffen Schneider), on the legitimation of international institutions such as the European Commission (Dominika Biegon) and the G8/G20 (Jennifer Gronau), and on the politicization of international institutions (Henning Schmidtke), as well as more theoretically oriented work on political discourse and its analysis (Martin Nonhoff, now at InIIS).
Nullmeier, Frank/Biegon, Dominika/Gronau, Jennifer/Nonhoff, Martin/Schmidtke, Henning/Schneider, Steffen (2010): Prekäre Legitimitäten: Rechtfertigung von Herrschaft in der postnationalen Konstellation. Frankfurt a.M.: Campus.
Schmidtke, Henning/Nullmeier, Frank (2011): Political Valuation Analysis and the Legitimacy of International Organizations. In: German Policy Studies, 7 (3), 117-153.
Schneider, Steffen/Hurrelmann, Achim/Krell-Laluhová, Zuzana/Nullmeier, Frank/Wiesner, Achim (2010): Democracy’s Deep Roots: Why the Nation State Remains Legitimate. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
International Partner Projects
Transaccess – The Design of International Institutions: Legitimacy, Effectiveness, and Distribution in Global Governance (Stockholms Universitet): Directed by Jonas Tallberg and funded by the European Research Council from 2009 to 2013, this project addresses two broad questions that are of direct relevance to our own research: Why have international institutions increasingly opened up to transnational actors? And what are the consequences for the democratic legitimacy, problem-solving effectiveness, and distributional effects of these institutions? The project includes the development of a data set by Thomas Sommerer that contains information about access to 50 international institutions over a period of 60 years, as well as normative work by Hans Agné, Martin Westergren and others that develops and applies democratic theory and theories of global justice to international institutions.
Jönsson, Christer/Tallberg, Jonas (eds.) (2010): Transnational Actors in Global Governance: Patterns, Explanations, and Implications. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Transdemos Programme (Lunds Universitet and Stockholms Universitet): Funded by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond (The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation) for six years (2008-2013) and combining normative democratic theory and empirical research, this programme is organized in three major thematic fields: It investigates the role of transnational actors in the democratization of international institutions; democracy and public-private partnerships in global governance; and the democratic credentials of transnational actors. Of particular interest to our own project is, among others, the empirical work on individual institutions such as the Asian Development Bank (ADB) by Anders Uhlin, the Global Compact by Catia Gregoratti and transnational partnerships by Karin Bäckstrand, Magdalena Bexell, Christer Jönsson and others, and the theoretical work on legitimacy and global society by Eva Erman, Ulrika Mörth, Sofia Näsström, Jens Bartelson and others.
Bexell, Magdalena/Mörth, Ulrika (eds.) (2010): Democracy and Public-Private Partnerships in Global Governance. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Erman, Eva/Uhlin, Anders (eds.) (2010): Legitimacy Beyond the State? Re-examining the Democratic Credentials of Transnational Actors. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Research Unit Transnational Conflicts and International Institutions at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung Berlin (WZB): The Research Unit, directed by Michael Zürn, focuses on the institutional and normative challenges caused by the growing importance of international institutions in Global Governance. Many of their research projects analyze the politicization and democratization of international institutions. These are especially the projects on the Legitimacy of the UN Security Council (Martin Binder, Monika Heupel), on International Organizations and the Protection of Fundamental Rights of Individuals (Michael Zürn, Monika Heupel, Gisela Hirschmann), on Path Dependence and Change in International Governance Institutions (Thomas Rixen), on Supranationalization and Politicization (Thomas Rixen, Bernhard Zangl), and on The Denationalization of Problem Perceptions and the Assignment of Responsibility to Political Institutions (Matthias Ecker-Ehrhardt, Wolfgang Merkel, Bernhard Weßels, Michael Zürn).
Ecker-Ehrhardt, Matthias (2011): Cosmopolitan Politicization: How Perceptions of Interdependence Foster Citizens Expectations in International Institutions. In: European Journal of International Relations, 18 (2), 1-28.
Heupel, Monika (2012): With Power Comes Responsibility: Human Rights Protection in United Nations Sanctions Policy. In: European Journal of International Relations, 0 (0), 1-24.
Zürn, Michael/Binder, Martin/Ecker-Ehrhardt, Matthias (2012): International Authority and its Politicization. In: International Theory, 4 (1), 69-106.
York University Toronto and University of Toronto:We collaborate with a number of researchers in Toronto whose work focuses on the legitimacy of international and transnational governance. Most notably, this includes the work Stepan Wood‘s work on the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and Steven Bernstein‘s as well as Matthew Hoffmann‘s work on the legitimacy and legitimation of global environmental governance.
Bernstein, Steven (2011): Legitimacy in Intergovernmental and Non-state Global Governance. In: Review of International Political Economy, 18 (1), 17-51.
Bernstein, Steven/Coleman, William D. (eds.) (2009): Unsettled Legitimacy: Political Community, Power, and Authority in a Global Era. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
Hoffmann, Matthew J. (2011): Climate Governance at the Crossroads: Experimenting with a Global Response After Kyoto. New York: Oxford University Press.